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2020貴州高考英語試題及答案解析

2020-07-09 13:30:34文/劉思琪

英 語

注意事項:

1. 答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡和試卷指定位置上。

2. 回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號?;卮鸱沁x擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。

3. 考試結束后,將本試卷和答題卡一并交回。

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上。

第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15. B. £9.18. C. £9.15.

答案是C。

1. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a supermarket. B. In the post office. C. In the street.

2. What did Carl do?

A. He designed a medal. B. He fixed a TV set. C. He took a test.

3. What does the man do?

A. He’s a tailor. B. He’s a waiter. C. He’s a shop assistant.

4. When will the flight arrive?

A. At 18:20. B. At 18:35. C. At 18:50.

5. How can the man improve his article?

A. By deleting unnecessary words.

B. By adding a couple of points.

C. By correcting grammar mistakes.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。

6. What does Bill often do on Friday night?

A. Visit his parents. B. Go to the movies. C. Walk along Broadway.

7. Who watches musical plays most often?

A. Bill. B. Aarah. C. Bill’s parents.

聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

8. Why does David want to speak to Mike?

A. To invite him to a party.

B. To discuss a schedule.

C. To call off a meeting.

9. What do we know about the speakers?

A. They are colleagues.

B. They are close friends.

C. They’ve never met before.

聽第8段材料,回答第10至12題。

10. What kind of camera does the man want?

A. A TV camera.

B. A video camera.

C. A movie camera.

11. Which function is the man most interested in?

A. Underwater filming.

B. A large memory.

C. Auto-focus.

12. How much would the man pay for the second camera?

A. 950 euros.

B. 650 euros.

C. 470 euros.

聽第9段材料,回答第13至16題。

13. Who is Clifford?

A. A little girl.

B. The man’s pet.

C. A fictional character.

14. Who suggested that Norman paint for children’s books?

A. His wife.

B. Elizabeth.

C. A publisher.

15. What is Norman’s story based on?

A. A book.

B. A painting.

C. A young woman.

16. What is it that shocked Norman?

A. His unexpected success.

B. His efforts made in vain.

C. His editor’s disagreement.

聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。

17. Who would like to make small talk according to the speaker?

A. Relatives.

B. Strangers.

C. Visitors.

18. Why do people have small talk?

A. To express opinions.

B. To avoid arguments.

C. To show friendliness.

19. Which of the following is a frequent topic in small talk?

A. Politics.

B. Movies.

C. Salaries.

20. What does the speaker recommend at the end of his lecture?

A. Asking open-ended questions.

B. Feeling free to change topics.

C. Making small talk interesting.

第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節 (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

Journey Back in Time with Scholars

Classical Provence(13days)

Journey through the beautiful countryside of Provence,France,with Prof. Ori Z. Soltes. We will visit some of the best-preserved Roman monuments in the world. Our tour also includes a chance to walk in the footsteps of Van Gogh and Gauguin. Fields of flowers, tile-roofed(瓦屋頂)villages and tasty meals enrich this wonderful experience.

Southern Spain(15days)

Spain has lovely white towns and the scent(芳香)of oranges,but it is also a treasury of ancient remains including the cities left by the Greeks,Romans and Arabs. As we travel south from Madrid with Prof. Ronald Messier to historic Toledo,Roman Merida and into Andalucia, we explore historical monuments and architecture.

China’s Sacred Landscapes(21days)

Discover the China of“past ages,its walled cities,temples and mountain scenery with Prof. Robert Thorp. Highlights(精彩之處)include China’s most sacred peaks at Mount Tai and Hangzbou’s rolling hills,waterways and peaceful temples. We will wander in traditional small towns and end our tour with an exceptional museum in Shanghai.

Tunisia(17days)

Join Prof. Pedar Foss on our in-depth Tunisian tour. Tour highlights include the Roman city of Dougga,the underground Numidian capital at Bulla Regia, Roman Sbeitla and the remote areas around Tataouine and Matmata,uique for underground cities. Our journey takes us to picturesque Berber villages and lovely beaches.

21. What can visitors see in both Classical Provence and Southern Spain?

A. Historical monuments. B. Fields of flowers.

C. Van Gogh’s paintings. D. Greek buildings.

22. Which country is Prof. Thorp most knowledgeable about?

A. France. B. Spain. C. China. D. Tunisia.

23. Which of the following highlight the Tunisian tour?

A. White towns. B. Underground cities. C. Tile-roofed villages. D. Rolling hills.

B

When "Rise of the Planet of the Apes" was first shown to the public last month, a group of excited animal activists gathered on Hollywood Boulevard. But they weren’t there to throw red paint on fur-coat-wearing film stars. Instead, one activist, dressed in a full-body monkey suit, had arrived with a sign praising the filmmakers: "Thanks for not using real apes (猿)!"

The creative team behind "Apes" used motion-capture (動作捕捉) technology to create digitalized animals, spending tens of millions of dollars on technology that I records an actor’s performance and later processes it with computer graphics to create a final image (圖像). In this case, one of a realistic-looking ape.

Yet "Apes" is more exception than the rule. In fact, Hollywood has been hot on live animals lately. One nonprofit organization, which monitors the treatment or animals in filmed entertainment, is keeping tabs on more than 2,000 productions this year. Already, a number of films, including "Water for Elephants," "The Hangover Part Ⅱ" and "Zookeeper," have drawn the anger of activists who say the creatures acting in them haven’t been treated properly.

In some cases, it’s not so much the treatment of the animals on set in the studio that has activists worried; it’s the off-set training and living conditions that are raising concerns. And there are questions about the films made outside the States, which sometimes are not monitored as closely as productions filmed in the Sates.

24. Why did the animal activists gather on Hollywood Boulevard?

A. To see famous film stars.

B. To oppose wearing fur coats.

C. To raise money for animal protection.

D. To express thanks to some filmmakers.

25. What does paragraph 2 mainly talk about?

A. The cost of making "Apes."

B. The creation of digitalized apes.

C. The publicity about “Apes."

D. The performance of real apes.

26. What does the underlined phrase "keeping tabs on" in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Listing completely.

B. Directing professionally.

C. Promoting successfully.

D. Watching carefully.

27. What can we infer from the last paragraph about animal actors?

A. They may be badly treated.

B. They should take further training.

C. They could be traded illegally

D. They would lose popularity.

C

With the young unable to afford to leave home and the old at risk of isolation(孤獨), more families are choosing to live together.

The doorway to peace and quiet, for Nick Bright at least, leads straight to his mother-in-law, she lives on the ground floor, while he lives upstairs with his wife and their two daughters.

Four years ago they all moved into a three-storey Victorian house in Bristol — one of a growing number of multigenerational families in the UK living together under the same roof. They share a front door and a washing machine, but Rita Whitehead has her own kitchen, bathroom, bedroom and living room on the ground floor.

“We floated the idea to my mum of sharing at a house,” says Kathryn Whitehead. Rita cuts in: “We spoke more with Nick because I think it’s a big thing for Nick to live with his mother-in-law.”

And what does Nick think? “From my standpoint, it all seems to work very well. Would I recommend it? Yes, I think I would.”

It’s hard to tell exactly how many people agree with him, but research indicates that the numbers have been rising for some time. Official reports suggest that the number of households with three generations living together had risen from 325,000 in 2002 to 419,000 in 2013.

Other varieties of multigenerational family are more common. Some people live with their elderly parents; many more adult children are returning to the family home, if they ever left. It is said that about 20% of 25-34-year-olds live with their parents, compared with 16% in 1991.The total number of all multigenerational households in Britain is thought to be about 1.8 million.

Stories like that are more common in parts of the world where multigenerational living is more firmly rooted. In India, particularly outside cities, young women are expected to move in with their husband’s family when they get married.

28. Who mainly uses the ground floor in the Victorian house in Bristol?

A. Nick. B. Rita. C. Kathryn D. The daughters.

29. What is Nick’s attitude towards sharing the house with his mother-in -law?

A. Positive. B. Carefree. C. Tolerant. D. Unwilling.

30. What is the author’s statement about multigenerational family based on?

A. Family traditions. B. Financial reports. C. Published statistics. D. Public opinions.

31. What is the text mainly about?

A. Lifestyles in different countries. B. Conflicts between generations.

C. A housing problem in Britain. D. A rising trend of living in the UK.

D

We are the products of evolution, and not just evolution that occurred billions of years ago. As scientists look deeper into our genes (基因), they are finding examples of human evolution in just the past few thousand years. People in Ethiopian highlands have adapted to living at high altitudes. Cattle -raising people in East Africa and northern Europe have gained a mutation (突變) that helps them digest milk as adults.

On Thursday in an article published in Cell, a team of researchers reported a new kind of adaptation - not to air or to food, but to the ocean. A group of sea-dwelling people in Southeast Asia have evolved into better divers. The Bajau, as these people are known, number in the hundreds of thousands in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. They have traditionally lived on houseboats; in recent times, they've also built houses on stilts (支柱) in coastal waters. “They are simply a stranger to the land," said Redney C. Jubilado, a University of Hawaii researcher who studies the Bajau.

Dr. Jubilado first met the Bajau while growing up on Samal Island in the Philippines. They made a living as divers, spearfishing or harvesting shellfish. "We were so amazed that they could stay underwater much longer than us local islanders," Dr. Jubilado said. “I could see them actually walking under the sea."

In201, Melissa Ilardo, then a graduate student in genetics at the University of Copenhagen, heard about the Bajau. She wondered if centuries of diving could have led to the evolution of physical characteristics that made the task easier for them. “it seemed like the perfect chance for natural selection to act on a population," said Dr. Ilardo. She also said there were likely a number of other genes that help the Bajau dive.

32. What does the author want to tell us by the examples in paragraph 1?

A. Environmental adaptation of cattle raisers. B. New knowledge of human evolution.

C. Recent findings of human origin. D. Significance of food selection.

33. Where do the Bajau build their houses?

A. In valleys. B. Near rivers. C. On the beach. D. Off the coast.

34. Why was the young Jubilado astonished at the Bajau?

A. They could walk on stilts all day. B. They had a superb way of fishing.

C. They could stay long underwater. D. They lived on both land and water.

35. What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Bodies Remodeled for a Life at Sea B. Highlanders' Survival Skills

C. Basic Methods of Genetic Research D. The World's Best Divers

第二節 (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

A housewarming party is a special party to be held when someone buys or moves into a new apartment or house. The person who bought the house or moved is the one who throws the panty. The party is a chance for friends and family to congratulate the person on the new home. 36 And it is good time to fill the new space with love and hopefully presents.

37 Some people register a list of things they want or need for their new home at a local or store or stores. Some common things people will put on a gift registry include kitchen tools like knives and things like curtains. Even if there isn’t a registry, a good housewarming gift is something to decorate the new house with, like a piece of art or a plant.

38 This is often appreciated since at a housewarming there isn’t a lot of food served. There are usually no planned activities like games at a housewarming party. The host or hostess of the party will, however, probably give all the guests a tour of their new home. Sometimes, because a housewarming party happens shortly after a person moves into their new home, people may be asked to help unpack boxes. 39

Housewarming parties get their name from the fact that a long time ago people would actually bring firewood to a new home as a gift. 40 Now most homes have central heating and don’t use fires to keep warm.

A. This isn’t usual though.

B. It is traditional to bring a gift to a housewarming party.

C. You can also bring food or drinks to share with the other guests.

D. If you’re lucky enough to receive gifts, keep them in a safe place.

E. It also gives people a chance to see what the new home looks like.

F. The best housewarming parties encourage old friends to get together.

G. This was so that the person could keep their home warm for the winter.

第三部分 語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)

第一節 (共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

As s businesswoman, I care deeply about my customers. But like anyone for whom you feel affection, 41 can also drive you mad. They’ll come rushing in, 42 their handbag’s been stolen. They’ll 43 that they left it in the changing room, create havoe (混亂) and then 44 it had been in their car all the time. They’ll have out half the 45 in the shop, and want the only style you don’t have left in a 46 colour. I do know how upset the shop staff can get, but I try to persuade them to keep 47 .

I remember the first really 48 customer we had at Covent Garden. She was. 49 absolutely everything, nothing was right and I was rather 50 that she became a “regular". After a while, she 51 for the way she behaved at the beginning. She had split up with her husband the week before, was living in a flat 52 , and since she’d found it too much to cope with (應對), she’d taken it out on 53 people.

That taught me a valuable 54 and I pass it on to the people who 55 in the market. Don’t take it 56 . If a customer is rude or difficult, just think "Maybe she’s had a row with her husband. Maybe her child’s not 57 .” Always water it down and don’t let your ego (自我) get 58 . If you do, you won’ be able to 59 it and the whole thing develops into an unpleasant scene and that 60 everyone’s day.

41. A. shopkeepers B. customers C. salespersons D. receptionists

42. A. saying B. pretending C. guessing D. replying

43. A. agree B. promise C. imagine D. swear

44. A. forget B. decide C. discover D. assume

45. A. foods B. catalogues C. belongings D. goods

46. A. particular B. different C. matching D. natural

47. A. fighting B. smiling C. waiting D. changing

48. A. generous B. polite C. careless D. difficult

49. A. curious about B. displeased with C. patient with D. uncertain about

50. A. relaxed B. delighted C. surprised D. embarrassed

51. A. searched B. argued C. prayed D. apologized

52. A. by chance B. by herself C. on purpose D. on duty

53. A. rude B. such C. other D. lonely

54. A. lesson B. trick C. skill D. trade

55. A. work B. shop C. meet D. quarrel

56. A. kindly B. secretly C. personally D. casually

57. A. ready B. away C. up D. well

58. A. out of sight B. in the way C. behind the scene D. above the law

59. A. stress B. expect C. handle D. blame

60. A. ruins B. makes C. starts D. saves

第二節 (共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

In ancient China lived an artist. 61 paintings were almost lifelike. The artist’s reputation had made him proud. One day the emperor wanted to get his portrait (畫像) done so he called all great artists to come and present their 62 (fine) work, so that he could choose the best. The artist was sure he would. 63 (choose), but when he presented his masterpiece to the emperor’s chief minister, the old nan laughed. The wise old man told him to travel to the Li River~perhaps he could learn a little from the greatest artist in the world.

Filled with 64 (curious), the artist packed his bags and left. 65 he asked the villagers on the banks of the river where he could find the legendary (傳奇的) artist, they smiled and 66 (point) down the river. The next morning he hired a boat and set out 67 (find) the well-known painter. As the small boat moved, 68 (gentle) along the river he was left speechless by the mountains being silently reflected in the water. He passed milky white waterfalls and mountains in many shades of blue. And when he saw the mists rising from the river and the soft clouds. 69 (surround) the mountain tops, he was reduced to tears. The artist was finally humbled (謙卑) by the greatest artist 70 earth, Mother Nature.

第四部分 寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)

第一節 短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

注意:1. 每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

2. 只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

My mom is really concerning with the health of everyone in our families. In order to make surely all of us are in good health, and she makes specific plans for us. For example, every morning, my dad has to have the bowl of egg soup while I had to eat an apple. My dad don’t like the soup and I don’t enjoy apples. I tell my mom that if we’re forced eat things, we may become ill.

But he insists on us eating healthy food. Understanding her good intentions, I eat all the food what is provided by Mom with appreciation.

第二節 書面表達(滿分25分)

假定你是李華,你和同學根據英語課文改編了一個短劇。給外教Miss Evans寫封郵件,請她幫忙指導。郵件內容包括:

1. 劇情簡介;

2. 指導內容;

3. 商定時間地點。

注意:

1. 詞數100左右;

2. 結束語已為你寫好。

2020年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷III)

參考答案

第一部分 聽力

1—5 CBACA 6—10 BBCCB 11—15 ACCAB 16—20 ABCBA

第二部分 閱讀理解

第一節

21—25 ACBDB 26—30 DABAC 31—35 DBDCA

第二節

36—40 EBCAG

第三部分 語言知識運用

第一節

41—45 BADCB 46—50 DABDB 51—55 DBCAA 56—60 CDBCA

第二節

61. whose 62. finest 63. be chosen 64. curiosity 65. When/As

66. pointed 67. to find 68. gently 69. surrounding 70. On

以上來源:學科網,僅供參考。

 

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